With thermal simulation, one can predict hour-by-hour changes in the average air and surface temperatures in rooms, on the basis of the changing impacts of relevant internal and external thermal loads. Such impacts include the time-dependent storage and buffer effects of massive structural components.
Thermal-simulation calculations take account of building geometry, weather data, geographic factors, the physical parameters pertaining to room enclosures and the daily-use patterns of the building's occupants. All such factors are taken into account in determining the expected internal and external thermal loads.
Thermal simulation can illuminate the following issues:
Dynamic thermal building simulation thus is of use in optimizing planning. It makes it possible to assess indoor comfort levels pursuant to the following standards:
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